The Mexico 2½ Pesos Gold Coin has 2 varieties, the first being issued from 1870 to 1893 and the second between 1918 and 1948. Each coin contains 0.0603 troy oz of actual gold weight. When you buy these Mexican Gold Coins, types and dates will be selected at random from available inventory.
- Unique 2½ Peso denomination
- Each coin contains 0.0603 troy oz of actual gold weight
- Features classic Mexican coat of arms design
- Small size ideal for use in jewelry
- 2 types and variety of dates based on available inventory
Type 1: 1870-1893
The first 2½ Peso Mexican Gold Coin was introduced in 1870 by the Government of Mexico during the nation’s time as the Mexican Republic, and produced annually until 1893. There were at least eleven Mexican mints in operation during that time, and of those, the 2 1/2 Pesos gold coin was known to have been made in the Álamos Mint (mint mark As), Culiacan (Cn), Durango (Do), Guanajuato (Go), Hermosillos (Ho), Mexico City (Mo), and Zacatecas (Zs), with Mexico City being the primary, regular issuer. The 2.5 peso coin is composed of .875 fine gold (87.5% gold and 12.5% copper), and has a mass of 4.23 grams.
Centered on the coin’s obverse is the coat of arms of the Mexican Republic, which featuring a Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) standing atop a prickly pear cactus (Opuntia) while devouring a snake (Serpentes). Oak (Quercus) and laurel branches also appeared on the coat of arms of the Mexican Republic, but were not generally included with the remainder of the arms on the coins of the period. The Spanish state title “REPUBLICA MEXICANA” (English: “Mexican Republic”) is inscribed along the top rim and the date of minting at the very bottom. The centerpiece of this Mexican gold coin’s reverse side is the value: “2½ PESOS”. Arched around the top of the coin is the last initial of the assayer who approved the piece for circulation, followed by an “875” indicating the coin’s gold content as 875‰ pure, and the mint mark of the facility where it was produced. The total mintage of this first type of 2½ peso coin is currently unknown, but most of the yearly mintages are less than 1000 coins. The Mexico City Mint produced the largest number of these coins by far and Zacatecas was the second largest producer.
Type 2: 1918 – 1948
The second type of 2½ Peso Gold Coin was introduced by the United Mexican States, as Mexico came to be officially called in 1918, and produced annually until 1920. After being out of production for nearly twenty-four years, this second type of 2.5 peso coin was reintroduced in 1944 and issued until 1948. Official re-strikes dated 1945 were later produced from 1951 to 1972, in 1996, and from 2000 to 2009. The Mexican 2½ peso gold coin proved to be a popular small bullion coin, particularly prior to the introduction of fractional Krugerrands in 1980. Also, due to its small mass and size, the piece was once considered ideal for use in jewelry. Every example of the second type of 2½ peso coin was produced at the Mexican Mint in Mexico City. The piece is composed of .900 fine gold, and has a mass of 2.0833 grams and a diameter of 15.5 millimeters.
Featured in the center of the obverse is the coat of arms of Mexico, slightly adapted from the one used on the obverse of the first type issued 1870-1893. Differences include the wings on the eagle being relatively shorter than the first type, the eagle itself being somewhat more sophisticated in design, and the oak and laurel branches being present at the bottom of the heraldic depiction. The state title “ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS” (English: “United Mexican States”) is inscribed along the top edge of the obverse, but unlike the earlier coin, the date is not included on this side. Centered on the coin’s reverse is a left-facing bust of Generalissimo Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (1753–1811), a famous Mexican priest and prominent Patriot leader of the Mexican War for Independence. The coin’s face value “DOS Y MEDIO PESOS”, Spanish for “two-and-a-half pesos”, is inscribed along the lower rim of the coin, the first three words inscribed to the left of the image of Hidalgo and the final written to the direct right. The date of minting is printed after the indication of the value, separated by a five-pointed star. A total of approximately 3,745,000 original strikes of this second type of the Mexican 2½ peso coin were produced from 1918 to 1920 and again from 1944 to 1948. About 5,025,087 official restrikes bearing the date “1945” were minted from 1951 to 1972. Additional matte restrikes bearing the same date were coined in 1996, and a further 517,000 pieces with the year “1945” were manufactured from 2000 to 2009.
These 2.5 Peso coins ship in individual coin flips. Quantities of 50 coins will ship in CoinSafe Coin tubes. Air-Tite Coin Capsules for 2.5 Gold Pesos are also available. If you have any questions about this coin or the purchasing process, call us toll free or send an email to customer service and one of our friendly representatives will be happy to assist you.
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|Year:||Random (1870-1893, 1918-1948)|
|Gold Content:||0.0603 troy oz|
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